I’ve been thinking about theme and literary imagery recently. I was working on a novel outline, helping the writer flesh the idea out so that they had the strongest possible “road map” to work from when writing their story. It’s a service that I really like because I push writers to consider all aspects of their story before they invest the time and energy in turning the idea into a manuscript. I believe it makes the writing process tighter and easier. It also leads to less long-term headache because we’re figuring things out ahead of time that most people don’t realize until revision. Well, this writer happened to have a very specific theme in mind. In fact, I believe the theme might’ve been the idea kernel that set the whole story in motion. Unfortunately, the story idea was mostly just a vehicle for this theme. In other words, the theme was so prominent that it became heavy-handed.
Issues With Writing Theme
Why is this an issue? Well, in the case of this story, the writer could’ve easily turned the theme into a motivational poster and left it at that. You know those inspirational quote squares that are all over your Instagram and Facebook feeds? One of those. Why write a novel when all you want to do is communicate an idea that can be summed up in one sentence? This is why theme-heavy story ideas hardly ever work. There’s simply not enough nuance for the reader to be interested in digging deeper. “The point of the story is so front and center, what is there for me to do?” the reader might ask.
A lot of writers have such strong themes. It’s not bad to incorporate a theme into your writing. In fact, every story needs at least one. The issue becomes how to express it. If you’re quite subtle about it, you may not be communicating your idea clearly. But I hardly ever see this problem. Much more likely is the issue of writing theme with a heavy hand.
Picture book lessons are a good example of theme overload. Many writers are extremely tempted by the idea of putting a wise adult character into their stories for young readers that voices the theme outright. “And that’s why,” the kind grandmother said, “it’s so important to share.”
Yuck. That belongs on a classroom poster. Not at the heart of a story. Now, if you show a character’s life being enriched by sharing, that’s another thing. That lets the reader see the benefits of sharing for himself, and to make the connection that sharing is probably great on his own.
Theme and Literary Imagery
In novels, theme usually manifests itself in literary imagery. Let’s go back to my client’s story. It was a classic coming of age, where the character goes on a journey of self-discovery. Now I’ll depart from the actual idea for the sake of anonymity. What images can we use to talk about transformation, freedom, and self-expression? I know. Butterflies! They go from weird caterpillars to beautiful creatures. The journey is painful. The outcome uncertain. They crawl on the ground and then, all of a sudden, they take flight. These images are evocative and they fit the theme. In that sense, using the image of butterflies to communicate a coming of age theme is a home run, right?
The problem is, literary imagery can be heavy-handed. Too many writers have gotten to it already. It feels very familiar. There’s nothing fresh here. Unfortunately, more creativity is required not only to avoid clichés in writing theme, but to couch the theme in a way that’s thought-provoking, and not just a shortcut.
I would wager that if you were reading a YA novel about a character’s personal transformation, and the climactic scene took place in a botanical garden where there’s a butterfly exhibit, and the main character let a butterfly take flight from the tip of her finger, you would…groan a little? It’s been done. It’s a part of a very obvious conversation.
If you innovate in terms of writing literary imagery as it pertains to your key theme, you will likely get a more engaged reader out of the bargain. What is your theme? What images are you using to convey it? How can you freshen up those images, make them more unexpected, ask the reader to use their imagination more?
After all, the world is your…abalone. 😉
When you hire me as your book editor, we can create a customized plan to achieve your writing goals. Do you want help writing theme or nailing your literary imagery? Let’s work on it together!
8 Replies to “Using Literary Imagery”
Birds and bird-watching? Is that the same as butterflies, if you have a character who is a hard-core bird watcher?
In the YA novel, you can either use a different image, not one that has become a cliche, or you can use the cliched image in a fresh way. Years ago, a YA novel “scooped” mine, with a similar setting and theme. The author used caged birds to represent the society’s lack of freedom. The protagonist tries to set the birds free; the antagonist recaptures them and puts them back in their cages. My novel, which came out anyway from a small press the following year, had birds in the final chapter, but they don’t represent this simplistic idea of freedom. Rather, they’re a riff on the brokenness created by a violent authoritarian state and the relationship between a parent and a child as they struggle in their own ways for freedom. And my reviews all cited that final chapter as one of the high points of the book.
Thanks, Lyn–that helps.